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Weight Loss Drugs and Nutrition: What to Eat, a Sample Menu, and More

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Weight Loss Drugs and Nutrition: What to Eat, a Sample Menu, and More

This content material initially appeared on On a regular basis Well being. Republished with permission.

Lately, newer medication like semaglutide and tirzepatide — GLP-1 and GLP-1 and GIP receptor agonists — have modified the sort 2 diabetes therapy panorama with their exceptional effectiveness. However together with their introduction have come many different concerns, together with how your weight-reduction plan ought to change in the event you and your healthcare workforce resolve considered one of these medication is best for you.

Learn on for ideas from registered dietitian nutritionists on the right way to optimize your weight-reduction plan when on pharmaceuticals linked to weight reduction, together with Ozempic, Mounjaro, Wegovy, and Zepbound.

Why Diet Is Essential When You’re on a GLP-1 Drug

 GLP-1 receptor agonists work by serving to suppress urge for food and delaying the speed at which your abdomen empties meals. This may discourage consuming.

They might even be related to nausea and vomiting, which might intrude with nutrient absorption, says Annapolis, Maryland–based mostly Bonnie Newlin, RD, of Crave Nourishment, who incessantly counsels sufferers taking semaglutide (Ozempic, Wegovy) and tirzepatide (Mounjaro, Zepbound).

Staying proactive about your every day vitamin might help you keep wholesome and feeling your finest as you proceed your weight reduction journey.

Frequent Questions & Solutions

Are you able to drink alcohol on Ozempic and comparable medication?

There’s no identified interplay between alcohol and Ozempic and different medication linked with weight reduction. However knocking again a cocktail with out meals isn’t prudent. Ingesting on an empty abdomen can dramatically decrease your blood sugar. This can be particularly problematic as weight reduction medication already scale back blood sugar.

Are Ozempic and weight-reduction plan soda a great combine?

Synthetic sweeteners in weight-reduction plan soda can negatively have an effect on digestion and intestine well being, particularly in bigger quantities. As a result of medication reminiscent of Ozempic could have an effect on your gastrointestinal system, take into account steering away from any meals or drinks with these sweeteners. Go for water as an alternative.

What are the most effective meals to eat on a weight reduction drug?

Minimally processed, high-protein meals are finest to eat when on pharmaceuticals related to weight reduction. Spherical out your meals with proteins like rooster breast, tofu, and eggs. For fiber, micronutrients, and antioxidants, eat nonstarchy veggies, lower-sugar fruits, and complete grains.

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What meals ought to I keep away from on a weight reduction drug?

Fried, greasy meals not solely could make you are feeling unwell however can intrude with the effectiveness of those medication as a result of they take a very long time to digest. Sweets are one other class to keep away from. Candy meals can spike blood sugar, then trigger it to crash.

Can semaglutide or tirzepatide trigger malnutrition?

They’ll. Related bodily results reminiscent of nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea can enhance the danger. Though analysis is restricted, anecdotes of extreme nutrient deficiencies have cropped up within the information.

The best way to Make Certain You’re Getting Sufficient Energy

Though weight reduction is one purpose of taking semaglutide or tirzepatide, it’s essential to eat sufficient energy every day. Adequate consumption offers you the vitality you must thrive.

Melissa Mitri, RDN, who’s based mostly in New York Metropolis, says consuming small, frequent meals which might be low in fats might help you get sufficient energy and protect lean muscle mass as you shed some pounds. “As a result of many individuals really feel full extra simply on these medicines, consuming smaller meals extra incessantly can forestall overeating,” Mitri says. Scientific suggestions from the Journal of Scientific Drugs embrace beginning with small parts whenever you start weight reduction meds. Smaller meals that restrict fats can even assist preserve your digestive system glad, decreasing the danger for bloating and nausea, Mitri notes.

As on your goal variety of energy whereas on weight reduction meds, the right quantity will probably be distinctive to you. Work together with your main care physician or a registered dietitian nutritionist to find out your best vary (normally, many consultants advocate round 1,200 to 1,800 energy per day whereas on these meds). In case you like, you possibly can observe your every day weight-reduction plan with an app.

The Significance of Hydration

Hydration is especially vital whenever you’re on Ozempic or different medication that have an effect on your gastrointestinal (GI) tract, says Newlin. As a result of tirzepatide and semaglutide can enhance the danger of diarrhea, nausea, and vomiting, it’s possible you’ll want to exchange fluids by rehydrating extra incessantly. Newlin additionally notes that decreased urge for food could cause individuals to drink much less fluid (and get much less water from meals).

Though these medication don’t include elevated suggestions for fluid consumption, it’s sensible to maintain tabs in your every day hydration behavior. Whereas suggestions range, the Nationwide Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Drugs suggests 2.7 liters (91 ounces) of complete water from all drinks and meals for girls and three.7 liters (125 ounces) for males. In case you really feel this isn’t sufficient or is an excessive amount of, discuss to your physician about tailoring hydration to your private wants.

 Do I Must Fear About Macronutrients if I’m on a GLP-1?

Not like consuming plans such because the ketogenic weight-reduction plan (a really high-fat, low-carbohydrate weight-reduction plan), weight reduction medication don’t require you to stay to a precise ratio of carbs, protein, and fats. However that doesn’t imply you shouldn’t keep conscious of your macronutrients. As talked about earlier, fats is one macro to contemplate rigorously. “Fats ought to be extra restricted because it takes longer to digest and might worsen digestive points, carbs ought to be consumed moderately to help weight reduction and wholesome blood sugar ranges, and protein consumption ought to be on the upper finish to protect lean muscle mass and help general metabolism,” says Mitri.

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A Full Meals Checklist to Comply with When on Ozempic or Mounjaro

When taking a drug like tirzepatide or semaglutide, sure meals are higher decisions than others. Focus meals round meals reminiscent of these.

What to Eat

  • Skinless rooster breast
  • Eggs
  • Tofu
  • Fish and seafood
  • Beans and legumes
  • Nuts and seeds
  • Greek yogurt
  • Oats
  • Complete-wheat bread
  • Brown rice
  • Quinoa
  • Broccoli
  • Spinach
  • Kale
  • Bell peppers
  • Berries
  • Citrus fruits

What to Keep away from

Some meals don’t make good companions with weight reduction medication. Keep away from the next:

  • Fried meals reminiscent of french fries, fried rooster, and onion rings
  • Pink meat
  • Sugar-sweetened drinks like soda, cocktails, and juices with added sugar
  • Excessive-fat, high-sugar desserts like cookies, truffles, candies, ice cream, and brownies

A 7-Day Pattern Meal Plan to Comply with When on Ozempic or Mounjaro

All of us might use a bit inspiration for meal planning (even once we’re not taking weight reduction medication). Do that seven-day plan, which was created with the assistance of registered dietitian nutritionists Mitri and Newlin, to jump-start your meals and snacks whereas on newer weight reduction medication.


  • Breakfast Excessive-fiber, low-sugar cereal (reminiscent of Grape Nuts or Fiber One) with 2 % milk and banana slices
  • Snack Melon cubes and cottage cheese
  • Lunch Mediterranean spinach salad with diced rooster, artichokes, tomatoes, and pine nuts
  • Dinner Vegetable bean chili
  • Dessert Darkish chocolate pomegranate bark


  • Breakfast Smoothie with almond milk, protein powder, and frozen fruit
  • Snack Handful of pistachios
  • Lunch Turkey wrap with lettuce and lightweight mayo in a whole-wheat tortilla
  • Dinner Complete-wheat pasta with shrimp and peas
  • Dessert Avocado chocolate mousse


  • Breakfast Two hard-boiled eggs, contemporary berries, a slice whole-grain toast, and 1 cup skim milk
  • Snack Frivolously salted popcorn
  • Lunch Rooster and vegetable soup
  • Dinner Salmon kale salad
  • Dessert Berry smoothie (frozen banana, frozen berries, yogurt, and a drizzle of maple syrup)


  • Breakfast In a single day oats with blueberries, Greek yogurt, and a sprinkle of cinnamon
  • Snack Turkey jerky and an apple
  • Lunch Cup of vegetable soup with quesadillas with rotisserie rooster
  • Dinner Black bean Mexican quinoa bowls
  • Dessert Darkish chocolate and almonds


  • Breakfast Complete-wheat toast with avocado and two over-easy eggs
  • Snack Cheese slices, seed crackers, and hummus
  • Lunch Grilled rooster sandwich with child carrots
  • Dinner Soy-glazed salmon with basmati rice and a facet salad
  • Dessert Medjool dates full of peanut butter


  • Breakfast Oatmeal with pecans and dried cranberries
  • Snack 2 hard-boiled eggs and ½ pink bell pepper, sliced
  • Lunch Tuna salad sandwich and a banana
  • Dinner Rooster stir-fry with greens over quinoa or brown rice
  • Dessert Yogurt parfait with mandarin oranges and honey
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  • Breakfast 2 % plain Greek yogurt with a handful of blueberries and ¼ cup toasted walnuts
  • Snack Path mixture of nuts, seeds, and dried fruit
  • Lunch Curried chickpea wrap and cucumber slices
  • Dinner Balsamic rooster breast with brown rice and spinach salad
  • Dessert Contemporary strawberries with a drizzle of chocolate syrup

Can Taking Sure Dietary supplements Assist Help Diet on a GLP-1Drug?

At some point of your time on these meds, dietary dietary supplements could have a spot in your vitamin toolkit. Newlin says that the mix of low calorie consumption and GI results from meds can add as much as low nutrient ranges. She suggests together with a multivitamin in your every day routine. Different dietary supplements she says could also be useful embrace probiotics, vitamin B12, and vitamin D. “Probiotic dietary supplements containing strains like lactobacillus and bifidobacterium could help digestive well being and weight reduction,” she says, whereas GLP-1 and GIP agonists can intrude with the physique’s absorption of vitamin D and vitamin B12.

5 Newbie Ideas for Staying Nourished on Ozempic or Mounjaro

Prioritizing your nourishment whereas on weight reduction medication is well worth the effort. Strive these easy ideas.

1. Make Time for Meal Planning

Making time for meal prep means you gained’t end up with out assets at dinnertime.

2. Select Nutrient-Wealthy Meals

Newlin recommends lean protein and fiber-rich vegatables and fruits.

3. Think about Meals Journaling

One of the simplest ways to know what number of energy you’re taking in is to report your meals and snacks, whether or not on paper or in an app.

4. Embrace Meals You Like

It could sound apparent, however choosing meals you genuinely get pleasure from is a good way to make sure you eat sufficient.

5. Think about a Complement

“If you’re not getting sufficient vitamins out of your weight-reduction plan, it’s possible you’ll need to take into account taking dietary supplements,” says Newlin. “Speak to your healthcare supplier about which dietary supplements could also be best for you.”


Even whenever you’re attempting to handle your diabetes or shed some pounds, getting sufficient energy and vitamins is vital. If semaglutide or tirzepatide go away you feeling lower than concerned with meals, begin with small variations of any of the meals and snacks above. Then as you’re into a brand new groove together with your new weight-reduction plan and way of life, department out to create tasty, diabetes-friendly meal plans of your individual.

On a regular basis Well being follows strict sourcing pointers to make sure the accuracy of its content material, outlined in our editorial coverage. We use solely reliable sources, together with peer-reviewed research, board-certified medical consultants, sufferers with lived expertise, and knowledge from high establishments.


  • An Excessive Threat of Taking Ozempic: Malnutrition. The New York Occasions. April 21, 2023.
  • Blundell J et al. Results of As soon as-Weekly Semaglutide on Urge for food, Vitality Consumption, Management of Consuming, Meals Choice and Physique Weight in Topics With Weight problems. Diabetes, Weight problems & MetabolismSeptember 2017.
  • Diabetes & Alcohol. College of California in San Francisco.
  • Heise T et al. Tirzepatide Reduces Urge for food, Vitality Consumption, and Fats Mass in Folks With Kind 2 Diabetes. Diabetes Care. Might 2023.
  • Report Units Dietary Consumption Ranges for Water, Salt, and Potassium to Keep Well being and Scale back Continual Illness Threat. Nationwide Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Drugs. February 11, 2004.
  • Shil A et al. Synthetic Sweeteners Negatively Regulate Pathogenic Traits of Two Mannequin Intestine Micro organism, E. coli and E. faecalisWorldwide Journal of Molecular Sciences. Might 2021.

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